With nearsightedness (myopia), images are in focus in front of the retina. One can think of the front surface, or cornea, as too steep, or the eye as too long. Myopia can be corrected with spectacles or contact lenses.
Myopia is also easily corrected with LASIK. During myopic LASIK, the cornea is flattened by removing more tissue in the center of the cornea than the periphery.
Patients with very high degrees of myopia may also benefit by removing the natural lens inside the eye and replacing it with a lower than normal powered intraocular lens.